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  • BANKRUPTCY FRAUD WARNING SIGNS - A CHECKLIST

    Use the following list to identify signs of bankruptcy fraud.

    • Failure to keep commonly used business records; incomplete or missing business records
    • Unusual depletion of assets shortly before bankruptcy filing
    • Assets are concealed
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  • Who Is Committing Fraud in Canada?

    A 2009 survey conducted by KPMG called: Profile of a Canadian Fraudster, revealed some interesting demographics on who commits fraud in Canada.

    The survey polled senior executives such as CFOs and Vice-Presidents from across Canada and covered a wide range of industries, including Financial Services, Energy and Natural Resources, Consumer Markets, and Industrial Markets. One quarter of respondents had revenues of over CAD$1 billion, with another quarter having less than CAD$100 million in revenues.

     
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  • Deception of the Gift and Prepaid Credit Card

    What do you do about those not so great gifts, those gifts you didn’t get and really wanted? If you’re lucky you can return the gifts you don’t want and purchase what you really want! Or you may have received gift cards to buy whatever you want but it may not be from a retailer that you shop at.

    Gift cards and pre-paid credit cards (credit cards with amounts already on them) have become more and more the option for giving, it’s simple and easy.  The popularity of gift cards has created a new portal for fraudsters to deceive you and relieve you of your hard earned money.

     
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  • ELECTRONIC FUNDS Transfers and Fraud

    Electronic Funds Transfers (“EFTs”) are widely accepted as a method for organizations to transfer funds on a timely basis to suppliers, employees and other organizations. However, EFTs can pose an internal control weakness for many organizations. Employees can circumvent the built-in internal controls, if any, and defraud the organization of significant amounts of cash at one time or over a period of time. EFTs typically allow employees to withdraw organizational funds by way of an Online Banking Agreement (“OBA”) in which an employee may ...

     
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  • Predictive Indicators - Learn how to read the signs and improve your bottom line

    Managing your company’s exposure to risk has become a challenging task. There is more pressure to speed up the credit review process and more responsibility resting on your shoulders to be accountable for your decisions and improve company profitability.

     
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  • Identity Theft - Practical tips for credit professionals

    Every year, identity theft results in millions of dollars of reported losses for Canadians. This has serious implications for credit professionals when it comes to the collection, protection, usage and disposal of the information they gather on their customers. Whether your company accepts payment by credit card, by wire transfer, via e-commerce or by the ageless paper-based cheque method, you need to ensure that your department plays its part in having the necessary checks and balances in place.

     
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  • Overview of Proposed PIPEDA Amendments

    On May 25, 2010, the Minister of Industry tabled amendments to the federal private sector privacy legislation, the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA). PIPEDA was introduced in 2001 and has been applicable to many private sector enterprises since 2004.

     
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  • The Interprovincial Enforcement of Judgments

    A Creditor and a Debtor enter into a financial agreement in Alberta. After several years, the Debtor moves to Manitoba, leaving behind only sparse assets, (not nearly enough to cover the costs owed) in Alberta. Following a slowdown of repayments, the Creditor decides to take legal action against the Debtor in the Alberta Court of the Queen’s Bench.

     
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  • Info from Visa

    What is expected of a credit manager when a customer claims that he was a victim of identity theft, and the debt is not his?

     
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  • Common Forms of Financial Statement Fraud

    In the summer edition of To Your Credit, we published an article on the work of Professor Messod D. Beneish from the Kelley School of Business, Indiana University on the subject of earnings manipulation.  In the sample of 74 companies that Pr. Beneish looked into for his research, he concluded that the typical manipulators “overstated earnings by recording fictitious, unearned, or uncertain revenues, recording fictitious inventory, or improperly capitalizing costs.”

     
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  • Fraudulent Financial Information

    Often, the depth and breadth of a credit analysis is based on the risk associated with a potential or existing customer.  For example, when the risk is considered low, a simple trade reference check might suffice whereas in cases where the stakes are high, many seasoned and trained credit managers will resort to financial statement analysis.  Aside from the challenge of getting your customers to furnish financial statements, determining the reliability of such documents can prove to be quite tricky.

     
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  • Role of the Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy (OSB)

    The Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy (OSB) is part of Industry Canada. Their role is to ensure public confidence in the market place by protecting the integrity of the bankruptcy and insolvency system.

     
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  • Free Fraud Detection Resources

    One of the simplest ways to detect potential fraud is to confirm certain information provided on a credit application using easy, free resources on the Internet. As a commercial collection agency, we regularly get claims where this has not been done and we discover that the information provided was either misleading or outright fraud. In either case, it is...

     
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  • Letters of Credit

    A letter of credit is a document that a financial institution or similar party issues to a seller of goods or services which provides that the issuer will pay the seller for goods or services the seller delivers to a third-party buyer. The seller then seeks reimbursement from...

     
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  • Warning Signs

    We've listed some of the warning signs of fraud below. The most important is the country of origin.

    • Orders originating from or containing shipping or billing addresses in some countries, particularly Romania, Macedonia, and Belarus, have an extremely high incidence of fraud.
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  • Terms used by CPA's

    A CPA will competently assist an organization (whether it is a privately held business, a publicly owned corporation, or a nonprofit organization) with preparing reports on its financial performance. Such reports help owners and managers make operational decisions, enable creditors to evaluate loan applications, and provide individuals with information to make investment decisions.

     
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