Search results for Industry/Economic Analysis
http://www.strategis.gc.caThis is the official Industry Canada website. It provides information and links to a wide range of government services that support Canadian businesses.
Export Development Canada - Weekly Commentary
American National Debt vs. Canadian National Debt
Canadian Unemployment Statistics
Canadian Inflation Rate
Bank of Canada Interest Rates
Crude Oil Prices
World Crude Oil Prices
Canadian Natural Gas Prices
Housing Prices II
Managing Risk in Uncertain Times
The Role of the Credit Professional in the Commercial Leasing Industry by Lisa Moore CCP
December 15, 2009: civil servants in Ireland rally in reaction to the Irish government's vote in favour of a reduction in public sector compensation by 5-15%. The Republic of Ireland is claimed to be facing the deepest financial crisis of any advanced nation and it isn't over yet.
May 5, 2010: striking protestors in Greece, the undisputed pillar of ancient democratic civilization, jam the streets setting the finance ministry ablaze, killing three.
CCAA proceedings now at your fingertips
Trustees, creditors, academics, policy makers and government officials have a new source of insolvency information available to them thanks to recent changes to the Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act (CCAA). One result of the changes, which came into effect September 18, 2009, is that the Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy (OSB) became responsible for maintaining both a Registry of Public Records and a Repository of CCAA Files.
Registry of Public Records
Once a court grants protection to a debtor company under the CCAA, the monitor (trustee) must send basic information to the OSB within one business day. This information includes the court’s file number and coordinates—including the website address of both the debtor and the monitor.
Creditors, Suppliers and Security Breaches
Once upon a time, all the suppliers had to worry about what was the credit of their customers and the legal effectiveness of the security liens that they took on inventories. Now, debtors and creditors alike, for that matter, live under the constant threat of security breaches which can have consequences of a material order of magnitude. As a lawyer advising payments companies, I thought it would be interesting to discuss security breaches ...
Black Holes and Old Invoices
My article titled Black holes and Credit Management published in To Your Credit’s fall 2007 edition began with this paragraph:
“Credit management is an integral and highly visible part of the cash-to-cash business cycle, in which cash invested by shareholders is used to produce and deliver goods and services that are sold for even more cash.
Predictive Indicators - Learn how to read the signs and improve your bottom line
Managing your company’s exposure to risk has become a challenging task. There is more pressure to speed up the credit review process and more responsibility resting on your shoulders to be accountable for your decisions and improve company profitability.
Identity Theft - Practical tips for credit professionals
Every year, identity theft results in millions of dollars of reported losses for Canadians. This has serious implications for credit professionals when it comes to the collection, protection, usage and disposal of the information they gather on their customers. Whether your company accepts payment by credit card, by wire transfer, via e-commerce or by the ageless paper-based cheque method, you need to ensure that your department plays its part in having the necessary checks and balances in place.
Some Recent Canadian Developments in Cross-Border Litigation
Here are some recent developments important to anyone engaged in cross-border civil litigation involving common-law Canada. One, the criteria for determining whether a court has jurisdiction over a non-resident defendant have been revised. Two, the concept of "forum of necessity" is now established in Ontario. Three, Canadian courts will not, as readily as in the past, decline to exercise their jurisdiction in cases where a parallel action (one involving the same parties and issues) has already been commenced elsewhere.
Overview of Proposed PIPEDA Amendments
On May 25, 2010, the Minister of Industry tabled amendments to the federal private sector privacy legislation, the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA). PIPEDA was introduced in 2001 and has been applicable to many private sector enterprises since 2004.
CRA Trust Overrides Contractual Right To Set Off
In a recent decision involving the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA), and the Caisse populaire du bon Conseil (Caisse), the Supreme Court of Canada, (SCC) considered whether a lender’s contractual rights in respect of its customer’s term deposit account could be overridden by a deemed statutory trust in favor of the Crown.
The issue was whether the Caisse, by virtue of its contractual arrangement with its customer, Camvrac Enterprises Inc, held an iron clad security interest over the proceeds of its deposit account that could not be overruled.
Info from Visa
What is expected of a credit manager when a customer claims that he was a victim of identity theft, and the debt is not his?
PPSA & Legislative Q's
Whitepaper: Essentials for Strategically Managing Credit in Any Economic Environment
A Best Practice (with new ideas) You Can Apply Now
Financial Ratios and Related Tools
A ratio by itself is an incomplete figure that could be misleading if analyzed in isolation. To perform an analysis, inter-related ratios should be examined and calculated over a period of time to see the trends, and then compared to ratios of industry or peers.
International Financial Reporting Standards
Effective January 1, 2011, IFRS will replace current Canadian GAAP accounting standards for Canadian publicly accountable enterprises (PAE) and Government Business Enterprises. As of this date as well, private companies have the option of adopting IFRS or the new Canadian standards developed specifically to meet their users' needs which are referred to as the Accounting Standards for Private Enterprises.
Return on Equity Financial Expression
Efficient use of assets is important for the profitability and growth of any organization. One of the easiest ways to gauge whether a company is an asset creator or cash user is to look at the return on equity (ROE) ratio. ROE is a strong measure of how well management is creating value for shareholders.
All About Choice
Experience has told us that when the economy turns bad, it’s time to expect more accounting shenanigans from public companies. This can happen in three ways.
Sometimes, a company has been using aggressive accounting for years, and a dismal economic picture makes it difficult to hide the old chicanery any further. Other times, a firm decides to use accounting tricks to mitigate the impact of poor operating results.
Fraudulent Financial Information
Often, the depth and breadth of a credit analysis is based on the risk associated with a potential or existing customer. For example, when the risk is considered low, a simple trade reference check might suffice whereas in cases where the stakes are high, many seasoned and trained credit managers will resort to financial statement analysis. Aside from the challenge of getting your customers to furnish financial statements, determining the reliability of such documents can prove to be quite tricky.
Financial statement simple analysis
In today's environment the obtaining of Financial Statements from a customer is becoming virtually impossible. A good credit professional needs to sell his customer on the benefits of supplying at least a common size balance sheet and income statement in order to justify a credit limit sufficient to meet both yours and the customer's needs.
Role of the Credit and Collections Department in Business
Companies expect their credit department to be sales oriented. Put simply, this means the credit department should be looking for reasons to justify establishing open account terms and/or releasing orders pending, rather than looking for excuses to hold orders or to reject applicants for open account terms. Having this simple idea in mind can make
Webster’s dictionary defines ethics as: “ A set of moral principles or values”, and ethical as: “ Conforming to professional standards of conduct.” To help guide ethical behaviour in the credit department, it’s important to start with a written credit policy.
Role of the Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy (OSB)
The Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy (OSB) is part of Industry Canada. Their role is to ensure public confidence in the market place by protecting the integrity of the bankruptcy and insolvency system.
CREDITâ€™S UNTOUCHABLE CODE
There is one principle of credit management which is inviolable. In fact it’s as close to being sacrosanct as Canada’s right of sovereignty over the Northwest Passage. To break with this code would be to dismantle the basic principles of credit management and the outcome would be similar to the situation which I am certain that we have all experienced in the past, when the little boy visits the grocery store with his mother and is transfixed by the beautifully structured pyramid of apples.
PIPEDA and Collections
Often, collection activity requires interacting with personal information about a consumer, in order to research, contact or collect from that consumer. Whether you are in an internal receivables department, third party collection agency, or you are a legal agent...
Understanding Accounts Receivable Metrics: DSO, CPI, CEI
Finance professionals calculate DSO by dividing Total Accounts Receivable (A/R) by Total Credit Sales multiplied by the number of days in the measurement period.
For companies using Collection Productivity Index (CPI), it is the amount of cash collected per collector as a % of the opening A/R for each fiscal quarter. As quarterly sales are not linear month to month, (heavily weighted in a particular month) you will find this to be...
Credit policy ideally should be updated quarterly, but at a minimum annually. It needs to be signed off by Senior Managers/Directors to make it enforceable and taken seriously by internal staff.
What to do when a customer files for Bankruptcy
Find out exactly what the situation is. Most people when they think of bankruptcy only think of the final stage, where the customer is no longer in business. In reality there are a few different types and various levels of severity.
Calculation of the Collection Effectiveness Indexâ€™s
https://creditedu.org/knowledgecentre/index.php/site/page/87Days sales outstanding - measures the time it takes a company to collect account receivables from credit sales. It provides a good understanding of the effectiveness of the account receivable collection policies and staff in charge of executing on those policies.
PPSA Registrations - Is this the Weakness in Your Armour?
As the saying goes, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. This expression is particularly apt when it comes to secured creditors and their registrations under the Ontario Personal Property Security Act (the "PPSA"). Although "getting it right the first time" has always been the mantra of secured creditors, the economic roller coaster ride of recent months has heightened the need to ensure a properly perfected secured claim.
Credit and Collections as a Revenue Generator
https://creditedu.org/knowledgecentre/index.php/site/page/93Next time you are spending quality time with a client, at a board meeting, or getting an update from the CFO you may want to inquire about practices of their companyâ€™s credit and collections department. The credit and collections department is constantly interacting with the company's customer base. This provides them with opportunities to augment sales, identify customer needs and problems, and / or be proactive in collecting those slow paying accounts. A properly operated credit and collections department can enhance profits and earnings per share.
Risk assessment is a step in a risk management procedure. Risk assessment is the determination of quantitative or qualitative value of risk related to a concrete situation and a recognized threat (also called hazard). Quantitative risk assessment requires calculations of two components of risk (R):, the magnitude of the potential loss (L), and the probability (p) that the loss will occur.
Most credit scoring systems have been developed for use by banks. This has been adjusted to reflect both consumer and mercantile business. Credit scoring is a method of evaluating the credit risk of customers ...
Credit and Collections Department Should Be Generating Revenue
Next time you are spending quality time with a client, at a board meeting, or getting an update from the CFO you may want to inquire about practices of their company's credit and collections department. The credit and collections department is constantly interacting with the company's customer base. This provides them with opportunities to augment sales, identify customer...
Credit Risk Management
Credit risk is defined as the likelihood of loss resulting from a customer's failure to pay for the goods delivered. It is the responsibility a Credit Manager to verify that all customer files are complete and contain all the necessary information to protect the accounts receivable.
Collection and Dispute Management
The objectives of the Collection team are to:
- Facilitate a seamless processing of Sales orders within a specific risk guideline defined by the Credit and Collection department
- Liaise with the Sales department and the credit department to anticipate any future discrepancy between the Sales plan and the maximum risk exposure
We've listed some of the warning signs of fraud below. The most important is the country of origin.
- Orders originating from or containing shipping or billing addresses in some countries, particularly Romania, Macedonia, and Belarus, have an extremely high incidence of fraud.
Construction credit is a unique and specialized form of mercantile credit. Although the field follows many of the same principles, practices and procedures as mercantile credit, there are a number of factors that make the practice unique. In order to be successful, the credit professional must...
Terms used by CPA's
A CPA will competently assist an organization (whether it is a privately held business, a publicly owned corporation, or a nonprofit organization) with preparing reports on its financial performance. Such reports help owners and managers make operational decisions, enable creditors to evaluate loan applications, and provide individuals with information to make investment decisions.
The Quickening of Innovation in Asset Based Financing
Some would call it evolution: others, revolution. Semantic flourishes aside, financial technologies are increasingly in the foreground as drivers of product differentiation and proliferation in the asset-based financing industry.
Introduction to Corporate Governance
Why is governance important from a credit risk perspective? Jeremy Brisset, corporate lawyer at Osler, Hoskin & Harcourt will tell you at our next Live Webinar. This webinar will be of value to members of the credit sector, particularly those in commercial credit industry.
My Customer is Restructuring, in Receivership or Bankrupt â€“ What Now?
https://creditedu.org/knowledgecentre/index.php/site/video/142Presented by Jerry Henechowicz, CA-CAIRP, Trustee in Bankruptcy Jerry HenechowiczThis one hour webinar with one of Canadaâ€™s leading restructuring and insolvency firms to get updates on the best practices and latest trends in maximizing recoveries when a customer is restructuring, in receivership or bankrupt.
Sharpen Your Financial Analysis Skills
https://creditedu.org/knowledgecentre/index.php/site/video/143Presented by George Brown, MBA, CMA, CCP, CIA
Target Take Two
http://www.creditedu.org/files/pdf/webinarsTarget_Canada_Keynote_Russell_Bennett_13Oct15.pdfBack by popular demand, Russell Bennett will revisit the bankruptcy of Target and the fall out for its creditors. In May, when we first held this Live-Webinar, it generated a lot of interest from our members â€“ follow up questions continue to come in to the National office.
Betting The Company: BOMBARDIER Goes All-In on C Series Jets and Blows Up Its Balance Sheet
https://creditedu.org/knowledgecentre/index.php/site/video/170A brief analysis of Bombardier's woes and what we can learn from a company undertaking a massive project, consuming working capital, and ultimately destroying its balance sheet.
Excel Essentials for Credit Professionals - Part 1
https://creditedu.org/knowledgecentre/index.php/site/video/177If youâ€™re looking for ways to increase your productivity and get more things done in a work day, this webinar on Excel ESSENTIALS is for you! During the 1 Â½ hour session, attendees will learn about spreadsheet basics through live step-by-step demonstration and using simple exercises that credit professionals can relate to.
Excel Essentials for Credit Professionals - Part 2
https://creditedu.org/knowledgecentre/index.php/site/video/178Each topic in our Excel Essentials for Credit Professionals Series is designed to help you solve a range of problems utilizing a class of functions and/or tools that are often overlooked. In this one-hour webinar our returning guest speaker, Nick Kenyeres, will cover Excelâ€™s lookup functions (vlookup & hlookup) and conditional formatting. Stay ahead of the curve by joining us to learn how you can benefit by adding one more Excel essential skill to your personal arsenal.
US Construction Laws (US Bonds and Mechanics Liens)
https://creditedu.org/knowledgecentre/index.php/site/video/179This seminar will be of interest to credit managers, sales managers and anyone else with interests in selling to the US or planning to sell to the US construction industry.
The Automotive Industry
https://creditedu.org/knowledgecentre/index.php/site/video/185Discussion topics will include: Key financial metrics for auto dealers, Inventory turnover and inventory cost vs. floorplan debt values, Gross profit and Absorption ratios, Debt-to-tangible net worth and debt service coverage, Dealing with the credit arm of banks to finance growth, Covenant requirements and what happens if covenants are in breach, and Common tax-planning items and the misconceptions this can have with credit institutes.
The Automotive Industry
0Discussion topics will include: Key financial metrics for auto dealers, Inventory turnover and inventory cost vs. floorplan debt values, Gross profit and Absorption ratios, Debt-to-tangible net worth and debt service coverage, Dealing with the credit arm of banks to finance growth, Covenant requirements and what happens if covenants are in breach, and Common tax-planning items and the misconceptions this can have with credit institutes.
It's Time to Talk Money: What Credit Professionals need to know about financial hiring and getting hired today
https://creditedu.org/knowledgecentre/index.php/site/video/194Discussion topics will include: Trends driving financial hiring, In-demand positions and skills for credit professionals, How employers can attract and retain top performers, Tips for navigating todayâ€™s job market, What matters to millennials
How a commercial lender will evaluate your creditworthiness for a loan
When you apply for a commercial loan, lenders assess your credit risk based on a number of factors known as the “5 C’s of Credit.” Understanding these factors will help you build your personal and company credit standing while ensuring your ability to obtain credit when your business needs it most.
Here is a breakdown to help you better understand these factors and what all lenders look for:
Trade Credit Insurance
Why Do Companies Buy Credit Risk Insurance? In this webinar you will learn how Credit Insurance: Mitigates Risk, Facilitates attractive bank financing, Offers Credit Enhancement, and Increase Sales.
Is Client Service at Risk of Being Displaced by Technology?
Nowadays, money transfer services have taken on an entirely new complexion in the financial markets. For starters, traditional banks and the international money transfer services they offer to clients are no longer cost-effective, or efficient. In the United Kingdom, there are several ranking money transfer services used by clients, including World First and Transferwise. Contrary to popular belief, FinTech does not eliminate the face-to-face communication or human-voiced support of traditional international currency transfer services; it enhances the efficiency of the services to ensure a seamless experience for clients.
Q and A (1)
How does theoretical economics affect credit decisions?
- As we have seen in the recessions of 1991 and 2001, marginal companies in many sectors will be forced to file for protection because of liquidity problems caused by them failing to meet their financing covenants, or the bank not renewing their line of credit, or credit becoming more expensive. A failure of a major buyer can cause a company to break its covenants and be outside of its margining limit.
- With publicly traded companies, the problems may occur, but at least there is disclosure required if public companies are not meeting forecasts or they are outside of their banking covenants or they are having difficulty renewing their lines of credit. Furthermore, often the debt of these companies is rated and the company’s fortunes are followed by industry analysts.
By the time a credit manager gets the information, the company may already have a large exposure to the buyer. As the situation deteriorates it may be difficult to bring the exposure down. It is a question of timing, the poor results may not be reported for several months and during that period the exposure has been continuing to run. The time between the disclosure of the problem and the reorganization may be very short as the buyer and secured creditors want to protect the assets.
- With private companies the problem is exacerbated, as it is difficult to even obtain financial information, let alone be advised in advance of developing problems. Suppliers don’t know if sales are down, margins are being squeezed or there are problems with the bank. If a credit manager can obtain Financial Statements, they provide a historical picture at best. The effect of the recession is happening in real time, out of sight.
In summary, credit managers work with very imperfect information. Time works against them in obtaining information and they have to often make credit decisions projecting 3 to 6 months ahead. A recession in the U.S. affects many buyers, but in most cases, the credit manager can only guess at how much the buyer is impacted.
The Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy (OSB) is part of Industry Canada. The Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy supervises the administration of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act.